3rd century A.D.
This rare Central Asian votive panel depicts a deity (with nimbus) being approached by a worshiper, probably nonroyal but portrayed as of equal stature to the god. Compositionally, they follow sce...
Nepal (Kathmandu Valley)
Shiva linga are variously represented as an unadorned pillar or with one, four, or five heads of Shiva. This linga altar has a four-faced form (chaturmukha). It is banded, likely with munja grass h...
The dating of Adi Shankaracharya
The dating of Adi Shankaracharya is a vital piece of Indian history. Did he live during 788 - 820CE? Or did he live during 509 - 477 BCE? If the latter is correct, then Buddha's lifetime gets pushed back further, making the Indian civilisation e...
A sandstone figural relief of Surya
Central India, 10th/11th Century
The solar deity standing in a frontal hieratic pose with both hands raised and holding a stylized blossoms, a small figure of his consort standing between his boots and accompanied by his two sons Shani and Yama standing on the...
Sarasvati, goddess of speech, learning, and the arts, is revered by Hindus, Jains, and Buddhists alike. Associated especially with music and knowledge, she plays the vina (a stringed instrument) and holds a palm-leaf manuscript. Here, she a...
Arjuna as a Victor
Abdur Rahman Chughtai
Watercolor on paper
Abdur Rahman Chughtai is remembered today as possibly the most distinguished Pakistani artist of the 20th century. His work draws from a shared South Asian cultural heritage, and he was one of the few Pakistani artists to be recognize...
The Presence of Siva
By Stella Kramrisch
Published by Princeton University Press - 1992
One of the three great gods of Hinduism, Siva is a living god. The most sacred and most ancient book of India, The Rg Veda, evokes his presence in its hymns; Vedic myths, rituals, and even astronomy...