Astronomy, Ayurveda, Yoga, Science and Mathematics in Ancient India

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New Books
Rare Manuscripts
Rare Maps
Rare Paintings
Rare Photographs
 10 Feb 2013 Rare Paintings
Physician taking pulse; by a Delhi painter - 1825


Credit: Wellcome Library, London Read More
 10 Feb 2013 Rare BOOKS
Digital Rare Book:
The CHARAKA-SAMHITA by Mahamuni Agnibesha
Revised by Maharshi Charaka
Sanskrit medical text.
Compiled and Edited by Devendranath Sen Gupta and Upendranath Sen Gupta
Published by Dhanvantari Machine Press, Calcutta -1897

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 10 Feb 2013 Rare Paintings
Anatomical study of a man standing with Nepalese and Sanskrit texts showing the Ayurvedic understanding of the human anatomy - 1800

Pen and watercolour

The Anatomical Man And His Sanskrit Context
By Dominik Wujastyk

"A widely-known painting currently in the Wellcome Library depicts an anatomic... Read More
 9 Feb 2013 Rare BOOKS
Digital Rare Book:
A History of Hindu Chemistry
From the earliest times to the middle of the sixteenth century, A.D., with Sanskrit texts, variants, translation and illustrations.
By Prafulla Chandra Ray
Published by The Bengal Chemical & Pharmaceutical Works, Ltd., Calcutta - 1903

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 1 Jan 2013 Rare Paintings
Illustrations of Tibetan materia medica, plant and animal, used in the production of medicine.
Credit: Wellcome Library, London Read More
 1 Jan 2013 Rare BOOKS
Digital Rare Book:
The Materia Medica of the Hindus - Compiled from Sanksrit Medical works
By Udoy Chand Dutt
Published by Thacker, Spink & Co., Calcutta - 1877

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From: A catalogue of Indian medicinal plants... Read More
 11 Nov 2012 Rare BOOKS
Digital Rare Book:
A Historical View of the Hindu astronomy, from the earliest dawn of science in India to the present time.
In two parts:
Part I. The ancient astronomy.
Part II. The modern astronomy, with an explanation of the apparent cause of its introduction, and the various impositions... Read More
 4 Aug 2012 Rare Manuscripts
Samgrahanisutra or Samgrahaniratna
18th century, Rajasthan

The Sangrahanisutra is a cosmological text composed in 1136 by Shrichandra that includes Jain ideas about the structure of the universe and the mapping of space. The manuscript, made in the eighteenth century, includes illustrations and ... Read More
 4 Aug 2012 Rare Manuscripts
Samgrahanisutra or Samgrahaniratna; Trailokya dipi
Rajasathan, 18th Century

A complete illustrated manuscript of the Samgrahanisutra or Sangrahanisutra, a Jain cosmographical text in Sanskrit composed in A.D.1136 by Shrichandra Muni, whose name appears on f.52 of this copy. The work is also name... Read More
 3 Aug 2012 Article/Essay
A History of Zero
By J J O'Connor and E F Robertson
School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews, Scotland

One of the commonest questions which the readers of this archive ask is: Who discovered zero? Why then have we not written an article on zero as on... Read More
 3 Aug 2012 Article/Essay
All for Nought
By accident, it records the oldest "0" in India for which one can assign a definite date..
By Bill Casselman
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

What the Gwalior tablet shows is that by 876 A. D. our current place-value system with a base of 10 had become part o... Read More
 3 Aug 2012 Rare Photographs
The Observatory of Rajah Jey Singh - 1860s

This photograph shows some of the astronomical instruments which make up the observatory or Jantar-Mantar, built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur (1699-1743). He later built similar ones in Jaipur, Ujjain, Varanasi and Mathura (no longer survives). ... Read More
 3 Aug 2012 Rare BOOKS
Digital Rare Book:
THE INDIAN CALENDAR - With tables for the conversion of Hindu and Muhammadan into A.D. dates, and vice versa
By Robert Sewell and Sankara B?lkrishna D?kshit
With tables of eclipses visible in India, by Dr. Robert Schram.
Published by Swan Sonnenschein & Co., Ltd., London -... Read More
 2 Aug 2012 Article/Essay
Ancient Indian Mathematics ? A Conspectus
By Professor S.G. Dani
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai

India has had a long tradition of more than 3000 years of pursuit of Mathematical ideas, starting from the Vedic age. The Sulvasutras (which included Pythagoras theorem before Pythagor... Read More
 2 Aug 2012 Rare BOOKS
Digital Rare Book:
Algebra, with Arithmetic and Mensuration, from the Sanscrit of Brahmegupta and Bh?scara.
Translated by Henry Thomas Colebrooke
Published by John Murray, London - 1817

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 1 Aug 2012 Article/Essay
"It is high time that the full story of Indian mathematics from Vedic times through 1600 became generally known. I am not minimizing the genius of the Greeks and their wonderful invention of pure mathematics, but other peoples have been doing math in different ways, and they have often attained t... Read More
 1 Aug 2012 New Books
Book Review:
Mathematics in India. Princeton University Press: Princeton, 2008.
By Kim Plofker

Reviewed by David Mumford, Professor of Applied Mathematics at Brown University and winner of the Fields Medal ? the most prestigious prize in mathematics.

Did you know that Vedic priests were using ... Read More
 1 Aug 2012 New Books
New Book:
Mathematics in India
By Kim Plofker
Publisher: Hindustan Book Agency - 2012

Based on extensive research in Sanskrit sources, Mathematics in India chronicles the development of mathematical techniques and texts in South Asia from antiquity to the early modern period. Kim ... Read More
 21 Jun 2012 Article/Essay
Indian Cosmology - Reflections in Religion and Metaphysics
By A. K. Chakravarty
Published by Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, New Delhi - 1995

The exact origin of astronomical studies in India is not known to us though it is fairly clear that it eventually formed part of anci... Read More
 20 Jun 2012 New Books
Digital Rare Book:
The Anthropology of Numbers
By Thomas Crump
Published by Cambridge University Press - 1997

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The LOKAVIBHAGA is a Jain cosmological text originally composed in Prakrit by a Digambara monk, Sarvanandi,[1] surviving in a Sanskrit version co... Read More