Posted on: 20 November 2020

The Goddess Durga Slaying the Demon Buffalo Mahishasura
12th century
India (Himachal Pradesh, probably Chamba Valley)

Functioning as an altar shrine, complete with a lustration basin, this icon depicts the goddess Durga in the act of conquering the demon buffalo Mahisha. Durga crushes the beast with her foot and impales him with her trident, whereupon the demon reveals himself in human form and pleads for mercy. In each of her eight arms, Durga holds a weapon lent to her by the male gods expressly for this task.

This shrine, with its distinctive temple towers, evokes the architecture of Himachal Pradesh, as does the lotus-petal nimbus framing the goddess’s head, a motif specific to imagery of the Chamba Valley region.

Image and text credit: © The Metropolitan Museum of Art


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