Mughals visit an Encampment of "Sadhus," from the St. Petersburg Album
India, Mughal dynasty, ca. 1635.
Opaque watercolor and gold on paper
Credit: St. Petersburg Institute of Oriental Manuscripts
On the left side of this wonderful painting you see a sadhu with both arms raised. Currently, you occasionally see a sadhu with one arm raised. Ek Bahu. Sadhus generally take a vow to do this extreme tapasya for 12 years. In the past, my reading suggests sadhus sometimes kept both arms raised. I doubt this happens today. At the 2001 Allahabad Kumbh Mela, I heard a rumor there was a sadhu doing this, but was unable to confirm it. Here is a 2001 picture of Amar Bharti, a very kind ek bahu sadhu I first saw in Hardiwar, 1986.
when kings became kings after procuring blessings of sufis and sadhus and continued visiting them, so what is a change, if the among st these king makers, one has become a king. why to create so much commotion!!! time is a cycle.