Digital Rare Book:
The Plot in Indian Chronology
By Pandit Kota Venkatachalam
Published by the Author in Vijayawada - 1953
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"The present volume is a mine of information which may benefit all sorts of readers, particularly those in the field of Indological research. There is a common notion among our research scholars in Indian history that it is a sacrilege to question the chronology determined by the European Indologists. These scholars forget that the early European Indologists themselves were conscious of the weakness of their theories and most of the dates that they assigned were, in their own opinion, tentative. The subsequent scholars, with superstitious loyalty to their predecessors, accepted the latters’ theories as gospel truths. Thus what were once guesses or tentative hypotheses were later considered to be sacred gospels. Sri Venkatachelam Garu’s works cannot deter those students and scholars of our ancient history who bear in mind the following memorable words of the late justice Kasinath Triyambak Telang, who is noted for his sobriety and openmindedness in Indological research. "It appears to me, I confess, that it is these ‘likings’ and ‘satisfactions’ and ‘foregone conclusions’ lying in the back of most of the logical artillery which European scholars have brought to bear upon the chronology of our ancient literature, it is this that is temporarily doing damage to its antiquity...Not only hypotheses were formed on the weakest possible collection of facts, but upon such hypotheses further superstructures of speculation are raised. And when it is done, the essential weakness of the base is often effectually kept out of view."
By Jatavallabhula Purushottam
The venerable author of this book, Sri Kota Venkatachalam Garu, has been working with single-minded devotion to salvage the ancient history of India from the ravages of modern Indologists, both European and Indian. He has shown, in this and in his sixteen volumes preceding this, that a fairly accurate history of our country can be constructed from the material available in the Puranas and other ancient literature and that the innumerable errors and deliberate distortions of facts in what now passes for Indian history are due to the prejudice of foreign Indologists against our Puranic and other indigenous literature and the consequent neglect of the historical material contained therein, during their attempts to construct Indian history.
The author and many others that are critical of these Indologists should have bowed at their feet if they had achieved the little bit that they have done in constructing our genuine history without the aid of the Puranas. All that is worth anything in the history they have written is drawn from the Puranas. Sir William Jones, who laid the foundation of Indian history, openly acknowledged his indebtedness to the Puranas. It is no exaggeration to say that without the aid of the Puranas even the outlines of Indian history could not be drawn.
It is a pity that all old records in the world, except the Indian, were ransacked and given credence to, by our Indologists and it is this misplaced hope and trust that were responsible for the imperfectness and incorrectness of Indian history as it now obtains. If the Indologists had shown to Indian literature at least half the respect that they have shown to foreign records, their labours would have been a thousand times more successful.
Why, then, should the Indologists discard the Puranic accounts generally? The reason is not far to seek. The European scholars who were accustomed to the Biblical idea of the age of the world and the chronology of Greek and Roman histories that are matters of less than three thousand years were stunned at the Puranic chronology that dealt with lakhs and crores of years, which sounded more astronomical than historical, to their ears. It is this that was mainly responsible for their attempt to cut down our chronology without any compunction. Crores of years were all of a sudden reduced to thousands and hundreds and dire historical facts were represented as primitive myths. Not a few of the early European Indologists were influenced by imperialistic motives in their attempt to minimise the hoary antiquity and greatness of India which was just then becoming a subject nation. A superiority complex in the subject nation might one day lead to a rebellion against its masters and an attempt to regain its greatness.
The logic with which Sri Venkatachelam Garu has proved the genuineness of the three post-Mahabharata eras is irrefutable. The Yudhishtira Era, the Kali Era and the Saptarshi Era have been continuously and consistently followed in our country and the author asks what prevents the historians from pursuing the history of Bharat along these Eras. By summarily repudiating these Eras, the historians could effect a cut of 1200 years in the post-Mahabharata chronology. The author, in a closely reasoned discourse exposes the hollowness of the theories of our Indologists in this regard.
Equally admirable is the author’s attack (in his work on Kashmir history) on the date of birth of Buddha so boldly asserted in our text-books on history. He unfolds to us evidence from a number of ancient sources which carries Buddha so far back as the 19th Century B.C.
By disproving the identity of Chandragupta Maurya with the Sandrokottas of the Greeks and by carrying back Chandragupta Maurya to the 16th century B.C., the author has cut at the sheet-anchor of the Indian chronology of European Indologists.
The author proves with incisive logic and glaring illustrations the hollowness of the common charge that Indians sadly lack historical literature. He shows that Magadha, Kashmir and Nepal have got historical records, which are as reliable as any other historical material in the world.
The author has shown that the Yavanas, Sakas and some others, that were supposed to be nations or tribes outside India, were the original inhabitants of India in the provinces bearing the respective names of these peoples and that the so-called Yavana and Saka lands etc., outside India took their names from their inhabitants that migrated from India and occupied those lands. This is one of the original theories of the author.