Kohinoor Diamond - It's History
An appendix article on the Kohinoor diamond from the book 'Maharaja Duleep Singh - The King In Exile'.
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According to N.B. Sen, the Kohi-i-Noor, the king of diamonds and the diamond of kings was found in the ancient mine of Kolar, situated on the right bank of the Krishna river in Karnataka. Others write that this famous diamond was either discovered about 5,000 years ago in the bed of the lower Godavari river, near Machlipatnam in Central India, or in the Golkunda mines in Andhra Pradesh or in the hills of Amaravati in Maharashtra.
The weight of this fabulous gem the 'Koh-i-Noor in the Indian cutting was 186-1/16 of the old carats (191.10 metric carats), but after it had been re-cut in London in 1852 A.D. the weight was reduced to 108-1/3 metric carats. After re-cut, the Koh-i-Noor now weighed 108.93 carats, having lost 43 percent of its original weight.
The Mughal Emperor Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur (1526-1530 AD) valued this peerless diamond, 'the Koh-i-Noor', at "Two and half days' food of the entire world". But his son Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun (1530-1556 AD)said, "Such precious gems cannot be obtained by purchases; either they fall to one by the arbitrament of the flashing sword, which is an expression of Divine Will, or else they came through the grace of mighty monarchs". When Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1799-1839) the Sikh Ruler of Punjab, asked the exiled Afghan King Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk of Afghanistan about the value of the Koh-i-Noor, he replied that its price was Sword / heavy stick / blows. He also added that its value is good fortune.
The Koh-i-Noor gem is not known to have ever been bought or sold. It always changed hands as a result of conquest. This magnificent and matchless diamond had passed from conqueror to conqueror as a symbol of power and glory and was regarded as the greatest treasure in India. Its value was beyond estimate. The history of this gem is linked with royalties of various countries and of various ages.