Posted on: 2 February 2016

Digital Rare Book:
Gazetteer of Bangalore
Published by Government of India, Bangalore - 1875

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The Residency, Bangalore - 1870
View of the Residency, Bangalore from the Lee-Warner Collection: 'Souvenirs of Kolhapur. Installation of H.H. the Maharajah, 1894'. The Residency, or Raj Bhavan at Bangalore, Karnataka was constructed in the early 19th century, it is a low stucco building situated in a landscaped garden. Inside there is a magnificent ballroom. Bangalore was founded by Kempe Gowda, a feudatory chief of the Vijayanagar empire and became an important fortress under Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan in the late 18th century. The cantonment was founded in the early 18th century and a British garrison established here; the town continued to develop in the 19th century as a military and administrative centre.

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But not the original ‘ The Residency’. The British created ' The Mysore Residency’ in 1797 with Col. Sir Barry Close as the first Resident. It was in 1804, that The Mysore Resident was shifted Bangalore. And The Residency' was initially situated in Sacred Hearts School . The road thereafter came to be known as The Residency. Incidentally The Residency also housed a small jail within its complex. The site across the road , where convicts were hanged is the St. Joseph’s College.

If the current name actually translates to 'town of boiled beans', then the credit should go to King Veer Balala instead of Kempe Gowda. The word Bengaluru was also found earlier , inscripted on a temple wall in the 10 century. Nevertheless, one of my favourite cities.