Digital Rare Book:
KINGS OF KASHMIRA
Being a translation of the Sanskrita work Rajataranggini of Kalhana Pandita
By Jogesh Chunder Dutt
Published by Trubner & Co., London - 1879
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The picture shows the Temple of the Sun (Surya Temple) at Martand in Kashmir and is one of a collection of pencil sketches that Rybot made in Kashmir and the Punjab. This Hindu temple is situated on a lofty plateau above the central valley of Kashmir and was erected in the 8th century during the reign of Lalitaditya (c.724-60), the most powerful monarch of the Karkota dynasty. It is noteworthy for its blend of classical Indian architecture and features, such as the gabled roofs, characteristic of the western Himalayas.
George Oliver Rybot (1827-1912) served in the East India Company’s Bengal Artillery (1845-58) and then in the Royal Artillery (till 1871). This drawing was given to the V&A by the artist’s son, Major Norman Victor Lacey Rybot, D.S.O., F.S.A. (1876-1961) of Jersey, who served in the Indian Army (1896-1920) and was a member of the Younghusband Expedition to Tibet (1903-4); he was himself an amateur artist.
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