General view of Seetabaldee, or Nagpur, Central India - 1860
This view of Nagpur was taken in the 1860s by an unknown photographer. The modern city was established in the eighteenth century. However, the earlier history of the district is obscure with elements that can be dated as far back as the fifth century AD. Originally the area was populated by aboriginal Gond tribes who remained in power until the early eighteenth century, many of whom still live in the region. The British annexed the territory in 1853 following a lapse in the local succession. In 1861, Nagpur became the British capital of the Central Provinces and following the opening of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway in 1867 it also developed as an important centre for trade. The area is today famous as the orange-growing capital of India.
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