Gateway at Ujjain - 1869
Photograph of a gateway in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, taken by George Edward Herne in 1869. This view looks along a street towards the gateway, which was supposed to have been built by the legendary ruler Vikramaditya, with Indians and a European posed in the foreground. Ujjain is one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus and is a well-known place of pilgrimage. Built on the banks of the river Shipra it was once the centre for astronomical research and where the meridian was fixed for calculations. The city has many archeological sites of great interest as well as Hindu temples and an 18th Century observatory consisting of five monuments used for celestial calculations. Vikramaditya, the famous ruler, held court at Ujjain, surrounded by scholars and poets.
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