Digital Rare Book:
The Surgical Instruments of the Hindus
With a comparative study of the surgical instruments of the Greek, Roman, Arab and the modern European surgeons.
By Girindranath Mukhopadhyaya
Published by Calcutta University, Calcutta - 1913
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Replica of Ayurvedic surgical instrument representing a wolf, India.
Ancient instrument designs incorporated the heads of animals. This replica example represents a wolf. This is apt because the â€˜mouthâ€™ has sharp edges for cutting. The original was likely used within Ayurvedic medicine. This ancient medical tradition has its roots in the Indian subcontinent. Surgery (Shalya-chikitsa) is one of the eight branches of Ayurvedic medicine. However, it is now a diminished element in Ayurvedic practice. The Susrata Samhita is a classic text of Ayurvedic medicine. It describes a range of surgical practices. It was written by Hindu surgeon Susrata who practiced from about 500BCE.
Text and image credit:
Science Museum, London